1 month ago
❤️❤️❤️❤️❤️❤️ ” So essential is this discipline to a real understanding of moral and human subjects, that if opponents of all important truths do not exist, it is indispensable to imagine them, and supply them with the strongest arguments which the most skillful devil’s advocate can conjure up. ”- John Stuart Mill, On Liberty . John Stuart Mill is notorious to have been a successful experiment in raising an excellently informed and perfectly rational being. In Mill’s own description of himself in his own sober, clear, literal-minded, painfully honest account of himself, that his emotions were starved while his mind was violently over-developed. By age five he knew Greek, and algebra and Latin by the age of nine. He was fed on a carefully distilled intellectual diet, prepared by his father, compounded of natural science and the classical literatures. No religion, no metaphysics, little poetry. . His father, James Mill, was the last of the great raisonneurs of the eighteenth century and spent his time among the father of Unitarianism James Bentham. One might expect the apple did not fall far away from the tree, but this was not the case with his son. While James Mill and Bentham had wanted literally nothing, but pleasure obtained by whatever means were the most effect e.g. imagine a perfect pill that would maximize pleasure irrespective of the reality one might be subjected to. That pill would be the pinnacle of human engineering and should be distributed to everyone or put in the water we drink. John Stuart Mill could not be persuaded into this kind of route to happiness. . So John Stuart Mill professed that happiness was the sole end of human existence, but his conception of what contributed to it changed into something very different from that of his mentors, for what he come to value most was neither rationality nor contentment, but diversity, versatility, fullness of life - the unaccountable leap of individual genius, the spontaneity and uniqueness if a man, a group, a civilization.