55 minutes ago
....As one of the oldest known Greek poets, Hesiod is contrasted with Homer as the other creator of early epic. Most scholars agree that Hesiod lived in the period just before or after 700 B.C., and his work lies between that of post-Homeric and pre-academic epic poetry. It is well-known that Homer and Hesiod were closely associated in the minds of the Greeks throughout antiquity and their portraits were exhibited together. Hesiod also enjoyed great popularity in Roman times. Cultured Romans quoted freely from his works and his poems were imitated by #Virgil , #Lucretius , #Ovid , and #Catullus. In his poetry, it is Hesiod himself who tells us his father had given up a life of unprofi table sea-trading and moved from Cyme on the sea-coast of Asia Minor to agriculturally rich Boeotia in central Greece. In his Theogony (Theog., 22-35), Hesiod relates that he heard the #Muses calling upon him to sing of the gods as he tended sheep on Mt. Helicon. The Theogony tells us of the #genealogies and origins of the #gods , and it contains the oldest extant Greek account of the creation of the universe. Works and Days, Hesiod’s other famous #poem , is a unique source for our knowledge of daily life in #Archaic #Greece , and one which provides moral advice and practical instruction on agriculture, sea-faring, and social and religious conduct. It concerns itself with farm work, with the labor of shepherds and peasants, with the animals they cared for, and with the change of seasons. In these two #epicpoems , which have been attributed to him since antiquity, Hesiod appears as a straightforward thinker, who in beautiful but simple language sang of the lives of gods and men. While Works and Days has always been viewed as the most notable of the Hesiodic poems, both poems confi rm the identity of an author with a distinct personality – a surly and #conservativeman of the #countryside , given to refl ection, and one who felt the presence of the gods heavy about him. In similar ways, this masterful marble image of a poet embodies the character of this man, Hesiod, and it remains among the most significant and important ancient portraits known to us.