15 hours ago
• Guggenheim Museum •
Architect : Frank Lloyd Wright
Location: New York
Solomon R. Guggenheim began collecting art in 1890 but it wasn't until 1926 that he met Hilla von Rebay who introduced him into European avant-garde Art. He then started collecting the works of Wassily Kandinsky, among others.
The first public displays of his collection were at his apartment in the Plaza Hotel. Then in 1937 he created the Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation. The need for a more permanent building to house his collection became evident in the early 40s.
Frank Lloyd Wright gained the commission to design the museum in New York City in 1943. It took him 15 years, 700 sketches and six sets of working drawings to create the museum.
Wright's original concept was different from the conventional museum layout approach, in which visitors are led through a series of interconnected rooms and forced to retrace their steps when exiting. Wright's plan was for the guests to ride an elevator to the top of the building, to descend along the gentle slope of the continuous ramp and to see the atrium as the last work of art. The open rotunda afforded viewers the unique possibility of seeing several bays of work on different levels simultaneously and even to interact with guests on other levels.
The building embodies Wright's attempts to render the inherent plasticity of organic forms in architecture.
The surface was made out of concrete to reduce the cost, contrary to the stone finish that Wright had wanted. He actually proposed a red-colored exterior, which was, of course, never realized.
People worried that the architecture would outshine the art inside, but the effect is quite the opposite. Today, you actually start at the base of the ramp and finish the tour by taking the elevator down straight into the gift shop, how very convenient. However the slow-paced promenade experience remains, allowing you to admire each gallery without missing out.
The Guggenheim opened its doors to big crowds on October 21, 1959 and is celebrating 60 years as an icon where radical art and architecture meet.
Hope you enjoyed! ✨