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15 July – 8 August 1941, the Germans start an offensive against the 6th and 12th Soviet armies during operation Kiev between elements of the Red Army's Southwestern Front, retreating from the Lwow salient, and German Army Group South consisting of:
1st Panzer Army:
9th, 11th, 13th, 14th, 16th Panzer divisions.
16th, 25th, 60th mechanised infantry divisions.
SS Wiking Motorized division.
SS LAH motorized division.
XVII Corps, XXIX Corps, XXXXIV Corps, LV Corps.
IV Corps, LII Corps, Hungarian rapid Corps.
Hungarian 3rd Army.
Soviet SW front and S fronts:
16th, 24th, 9th, 19th, 22nd, 2nd, 18th mechanised. corps.
35th, 55th, 17th, 13th, 8th, 37th, 36th, 49th, 27th, 15th, 31st, 6th, 64th Infantry corps.
5th Cavalry corps.
Comparison: G : S
Troops: 500,000 : 350,000
Tanks: 600 : 300
Killed: 4,600 : 100,000. (103,000 captured)
The Germans maintained complete areal superiority and the battle finished by the encirclement and annihilation of 6th and 12th armies to the southeast of the Uman city.
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